Photo by Lucy Campbell

I am a philosopher. I work on the intersection of philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics.

I'm currently a temporary lecturer in philosophy at the University of Southampton. I was previously a lecturer at at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, and at Birkbeck, University of London. I've also been a visiting fellow on the Representation and Reality project at the University of Gothenburg, and a member of the New Directions in the Study of the Mind project at the University of Cambridge, where I also studied for my PhD.

My research centres on psychological, epistemological, and normative questions about belief, such as:

  • What is it to believe something?
  • What should we believe?
  • In what sense can we be held responsible for what we believe?

My PhD thesis was on epistemic normativity. In particular, it argued that belief is subject to a truth norm that prescribes that one ought to believe something if and only if it's true. It argued for this on the grounds that belief being subject to such a norm can give a unifying explanation of epistemic justification. My supervisors were Tim Crane and Arif Ahmed.

Currently, I am working on a variety of issues in epistemology, moral psychology, and the history of philosophy of mind. These include:

  • Thinking about whether there are distinctively epistemic norms on speech acts like assertion.
  • Investigating responsibility for belief by looking at how lawyers and legal theorists think about the legal categories of mens rea (intention, foreknowledge, recklessness, negligence).
  • For my work on the Representation and Reality project, looking at how Aristotle's account of the relation between perception and thought compares with contemporary versions of concept empiricism.

When I have the time, I like to garden. I used to work as a gardener here, and I'm keen on growing vegetables using the no-dig method. If you want to know about no-dig gardening, you should read this wonderful book, (or this one for advice more appropriate to the British climate).